Targeting nGDP Targeting

Not too long ago, we wrote about the so called Modern Monetary so called Theory (MMT). It is not modern, and it is not a theory. We called it a cargo cult. You’d think that everyone would know that donning fake headphones made of coconut shells, and waving tiki torches will not summon airplanes loaded with cargo. At least the people who believe in this have the excuse of being illiterate.

You’d think that everyone would know that printing fake money and waving bogus theories around will not create new wealth. The excuse is that the so called wealth effect is so pleasant. Like drugs provide a happiness effect.

There is an old joke about a guy who talks to a psychologist about his crazy brother.

The guys says, “Doc, my brother thinks he’s a chicken.”
The psychologist says, “You should make sure he gets therapy for this delusion.”
“I would, but the eggs are good!”

So it is with attempts to make people feel wealthier so they will spend more money (i.e. consume their capital). It’s not real wealth, but they don’t know it because their account statements show larger and larger numbers every month.

A central bank cannot create wealth. And the corollary is that it cannot produce anything, neither capital goods nor consumer goods. It can merely alter the incentives offered to people (i.e. pervert them).

Nor can the central bank create money. What it creates is credit. It’s a bank; it lends. And it can manipulate the interest rate. That is its one special power. All of its fancy policy tools—including increasing the money supply—amount to manipulating interest rates. It can dictate the overnight interest rate. And because banks can borrow at this rate, to fund their purchase of long-term bonds, the central bank can influence the long-term interest rate too.

Each school has different reasons for what they call printing of what they call money. Variously, these reasons are to counter a downturn, to pay for the welfare state, to employ more of the dumb workers, euthanize the rentier, and to juice up GDP. By the way, it was Janet Yellen who wrote a paper on the bit about printing money so companies can hire more workers, and it’s clear from the paper she regards them as stupid.

And it is the so-called market monetarists who advocate printing to juice up GDP, and make it grow at the rate they deem to be right. They call this idea nGDP targeting (nominal GDP, i.e. not adjusted for the inflation they presume they are causing). What kind of growth will one get if one lowers the interest rate by government diktat? What activities will grow if credit is mispriced (by definition, and by theory if the government forces the rate to be other than what it would be in the free market, it is mispriced)? No matter, we get more of them! More is always better, isn’t it? The market monetarists believe so, at least up to whatever they feel to be the right amount.

If the Fed’s lower interest allows a bank to borrow to buy Treasury bonds from speculators at higher prices, an AA-rated private equity fund to borrow to buy houses off retiring Baby Boomers, or zombie corporations to keep borrowing to keep their doors open, it all adds to GDP. The sellers of the bonds may spend a bit due to the wealth effect. The sellers of the homes can cash out and retire. The money-losing zombies can keep paying employees and suppliers.

There is a little-understood fallacy called Begging the Question. This is when a question presumes what it should be asking. For example: “When did you stop beating your wife?”

nGDP targeting is an alternative means of answering the same Begged Question as all the other schools of money printing: how shall the center planner determine how much money to print and pump into the economy? Their answer whatever amount is necessary to sustain the right amount of growth, which they believe is steady growth.

Eating the seed corn is not growth, though it may cause increases in the amount of employment and the amount of currency changing hands.

This is the meaning of a rising debt—federal government debt, state and local government debts, corporate debt, personal debt, underfunded pensions, unfunded government liabilities, etc. They are all forms of consuming something now, and replacing the consumed goods (i.e. capital goods) with a note that says “I.O.U.” But unless that borrowing financed productive assets that will pay the note with interest, it’s counterfeit credit. It cannot and will not be paid.

We emphasize that the problem with inflation is not a problem with the quantity of something. Or with prices. It is a problem with honesty and integrity. It is the dishonest replacement of a real capital asset, with a dishonorable promise.

If the problem were only that prices are rising, there would be something more important to do than try to help people return to the gold standard. But it isn’t. The problem is that while the monetary system perversely incentivizes people to the perverse outcome of exponentially-accelerating consumption of capital, the economics profession is debating the wrong things: the right rate of this capital consumption, and the best perverse incentives to make it so.

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One reply on “Targeting nGDP Targeting”
  1. says: James Murray

    Hi Keith

    Thank you for a very clear article.

    Can you also deal with a related movement to MMT – Positive Money?

    Among its aims are:

    Reform of the banking system

    “Quantitative Easing for the People”

    Reform of the Bank of England and of the European Central Bank

    Introducing a B of England digital currency

    The UK Labour Party seems to support most of the above like as the Democrats do in the US.

    Not surprising due to the is the MMT-like production of fiat currency out of thin air.

    Jim Murray

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